Additional Key Resources and Online Library
Atkinson, S J, Bing, M, McNutt, J W, Marshall, C, Masedi, M, Osofsky, S A, Penrith, M-L, Ramsden, N, Ross, K S, Thomson, G R, van Rooyen, J and Worobo, R W (2019) Gap Analysis on the Implementation of Commodity-Based Trade of Beef in Ngamiland, Botswana. Report prepared in consultation with the Government of Botswana's Department of Veterinary Services. AHEAD programme, Cornell University. 120 pp. Downloadable PDF.
K, Beier, P, Hilty, J, and Shilling, F (2011) Assessment & Planning
for Ecological Connectivity: A Practical Guide, 82 pp. Downloadable
PDF courtesy of the WCS North America Program.
J I (2013) Economic Analysis of Land Use Policies for Livestock,
Wildlife and Disease Management in Caprivi, Namibia, with Potential
Wider Implications for Regional Transfrontier Conservation
Areas. Technical Report to the Wildlife Conservation Society’s
AHEAD Program and the World Wildlife Fund. 84 pp. Downloadable PDF.
Bing, M, Marshall, C, and Masedi, M (2017) Exploring Market Opportunities for Commodity-Based Trade (CBT) of Beef from Ngamiland, Botswana: Towards Harmonization of the Livestock and Wildlife Sectors. Technical Report to Cornell University’s AHEAD Program. 29 pp. Downloadable PDF.
D, Thomson, G and Barnes, J (2013) Establishing Priorities
through Use of Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis for a Commodity
Based Trade Approach to Beef Exports from the East Caprivi
Region of Namibia. Technical Report to the United States Agency
for International Development (USAID) / Southern Africa Sanitary
and Phytosanitary Support (SPS) Program for Regional Trade
in Southern Africa. 109pp Downloadable
D H M (2008) Large Scale Conservation Planning and Priorities
for the Kavango-Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area. Technical
Report to Conservation International. 124pp. Downloadable
PDF courtesy of Conservation International (CI).
D H M (2011) Constraints to Conservation and Development Success
at the Wildlife-Livestock-Human Interface in Southern African
Transfrontier Conservation Areas: A Preliminary Review. Technical
Report to the Wildlife Conservation Society's AHEAD Program.
37 pp. Downloadable PDF.
Cumming, D H M (2016) The Buffalo-Cattle Interface in Zimbabwe: A Preliminary Review. Technical Report to the AHEAD Program. 12 pp. Downloadable PDF.
N, Atkinson, S, Moorad, J and Flyman, M (eds) (2014) Proceedings
of the Botswana Wildlife Research Symposium; Bridging the Gap
between Conservation Science and Management, 4-6 February 2014,
Maun, Botswana. Prepared for the Botswana Department of Wildlife
and National Parks. 73pp. Downloadable PDF.
M-L and Thomson, G (2012) Analysis of the Status of Transboundary
Animal Diseases and Their Control in the SADC Region During
the Period 2005-2011, Focusing on the Five Countries that Contribute
Land to the Kavango Zambezi (KAZA) Transfrontier Conservation
Area (TFCA). Technical Report to the Wildlife Conservation Society’s
AHEAD Program. 72 pp. Downloadable PDF.
SADC, AHEAD (2021) Guidelines on Commodity-Based Trade Approaches for Managing Foot and Mouth Disease Risk in Beef in the SADC Region. 4th Edition. Southern African Development Community, Animal & Human Health for the Environment And Development, Gaborone, Botswana & New York, USA. 16pp. Downloadable PDF.
SADC, AHEAD (2021) Lignes directrices sur les approches du commerce fondées sur les produits de base pour la gestion du risque de fièvre aphteuse dans le secteur bovin dans la région de la SADC. 4e édition. Communauté de développement de l'Afrique australe, Santé animale et santé humaine pour l'environnement et le développement, Gaborone, Botswana & New York, USA. 18pp. Downloadable PDF.
SADC, AHEAD (2021) Orientações sobre Métodos de Comércio Assente em Produtos de Base para o Controlo do Risco de Febre Aftosa em Carne Bovina na Região da SADC. 4.ª Comunidade de Desenvolvimento da África Austral, Saúde Animal e Humana para o Ambiente e o Desenvolvimento.
Gaborone, Botswana & New York, USA. 18pp. Downloadable PDF.
Livestock Projects, Meat Board of Namibia and TAD Scientific
(2014) Development of Export Opportunities for Beef Products
from the Zambezi Region. Technical Report to the Millennium Challenge
Account Namibia. 23pp. Downloadable PDF.
G and Penrith, M-L (2011) Animal Health Policy, Legislation
and Trade in Beef in the Five Participating States of the Kavango
Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area (KAZA TFCA). Technical
Report to the Wildlife Conservation Society’s AHEAD Program.
132 pp. Downloadable PDF.
"Livestock Commodity Trade: The Way Forward"
Bob Mabego is a Botswana farmer who is trying to export beef
to an international market. The video provides an overview of
how the Commodity-Based Trade concept can improve the way countries
and farmers like Bob can gain market access. The world's demand
for meat and milk is increasing. How do we ensure that developing
countries and their farmers access markets for these high value
livestock products? Why have some regions not done so already?
How can changes in international livestock trade policies also
complement southern African efforts to promote transfrontier
conservation areas and thus connectivity of wildlife habitat?
The video has been produced by the DFID, the UK's Department
for International Development, and the African Union's Directorate
for Rural Economy and Agriculture. (12 min, 22 sec)
"Beauty and the Beef: Achieving Compatibility Between Wildlife
Conservation and Livestock Production"
African farmers living in areas with wildlife are faced with
a serious dilemma: they cannot sell their healthy, free range
beef to the lucrative export market. Current international trade
practices dictate that they cannot protect the wildlife and,
at the same time, farm their cattle in the same general area.
If they want to export their beef to wealthy nations, they will
have to get rid of all the wild buffalo or put up environmentally
damaging veterinary fences. Robin Lyonga lives in the spectacular
and largely unspoiled environment of the Kavango-Zambezi Transfrontier
Conservation Area. He and his community are poor. What should
he choose when trying to lift himself and his community out of
poverty: protecting the wildlife and pursuing opportunities related
to ecotourism and trophy hunting, or turning his back on conservation
and selling his cattle into the lucrative beef export market?
The truth is that there is a win-win solution: Robin Lyonga and
his community can earn an income from conservation and sell their
beef to the export market. All that is needed to enable this
potentially bright future for millions of African cattle farmers
is a small change in attitude on the part of wealthy trading
nations. (21 min, 48 sec)
AHEAD Online Library
AHEAD has selected the free open-source
online digital library Zotero (http://www.zotero.org)
to house and share key scientific and policy documents and other
resources. A library containing materials on policy and legislation
related to animal health, disease and conservation in the region,
with subsections dedicated to fencing, control of transboundary
animal diseases, and climate change, now contains approximately
1,400 relevant scientific reports, legislative documents, polices,
occasional papers and reviews.
For an e-invitation to any of the following AHEAD Zotero
databases please contact Shirley Atkinson firstname.lastname@example.org.
Climate Change – Houses a selection of
scientific reports and papers used to conduct a review of climate
change observations, impacts and model projections for the KAZA
TFCA. The review (included in the library) consolidates findings
from studies focused in and around the KAZA TFCA, most of which
have been published in the past 7 years.
Conservation & Development Constraints Facing TFCAs – Houses
over 130 scientific reports and papers used to prepare a white
paper examining constraints to conservation and development success
at the wildlife-livestock-human interface in southern African
TFCAs. The final report (Cumming, 2011) is also included, and
in addition is downloadable as a PDF at http://www.wcs-ahead.org/workinggrps_kaza.html
Fencing – Houses over 400 scientific
reports and papers used to conduct a strategic review of the
environmental, social and economic impacts of game and veterinary
fencing in Africa (with particular reference to the GLTFCA and
KAZA TFCA). The final report (Ferguson and Hanks, 2010) is also
included and in addition is downloadable as a PDF at the bottom
and consists of ten sections (52 contributing authors) dealing
with the impacts of fencing, erected for various purposes, on
wildlife, livestock and livelihoods.
TADs Policy & Legislation – Houses
over 350 documents assembled to conduct an analysis of the legal
and policy frameworks and regulations related to the control
of transboundary animal diseases (TADs) within the five member
states of the KAZA TFCA. The library includes the final report
(also downloadable in PDF at http://www.wcs-ahead.org/workinggrps_kaza.html),
legislative documents (laws, regulations, other statutory instruments),
policies, and papers related to rural development and land-use,
as well as socio-economic impact of both animal diseases and
conservation of natural resources. Documents are organized
by country, regional or international body. In addition, an index
of policy/legislation-related documents and an appendix of
mini-abstracts of related documents used in preparing the report
are available. Click to view or download a PDF of Animal
Health Policy, Legislation and Trade in Beef in the Five Participating
States of the Kavango-Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area
of Policy/Legislation-related documents, or the
of Policy/Legislation-related documents.
TADs Status & Control - Houses a selection of reports and
papers used to conduct a survey of the status of transboundary
animal diseases (TADs) and their control in the SADC region with
a particular focus on the five KAZA TFCA member countries. The
final report (Penrith & Thomson, 2012) is also included,
and in addition is downloadable as a PDF at http://www.wcs-ahead.org/workinggrps_kaza.html.