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Additional Key Resources and Online Library

Additional References of Interest

Atkinson, S J, Bing, M, McNutt, J W, Marshall, C, Masedi, M, Osofsky, S A, Penrith, M-L, Ramsden, N, Ross, K S, Thomson, G R, van Rooyen, J and Worobo, R W (2019) Gap Analysis on the Implementation of Commodity-Based Trade of Beef in Ngamiland, Botswana. Report prepared in consultation with the Government of Botswana's Department of Veterinary Services. AHEAD programme, Cornell University. 120 pp. Downloadable PDF.

Aune, K, Beier, P, Hilty, J, and Shilling, F (2011) Assessment & Planning for Ecological Connectivity: A Practical Guide, 82 pp. Downloadable PDF courtesy of the WCS North America Program.

Barnes, J I (2013) Economic Analysis of Land Use Policies for Livestock, Wildlife and Disease Management in Caprivi, Namibia, with Potential Wider Implications for Regional Transfrontier Conservation Areas. Technical Report to the Wildlife Conservation Society’s AHEAD Program and the World Wildlife Fund. 84 pp. Downloadable PDF.

Bing, M, Marshall, C, and Masedi, M (2017) Exploring Market Opportunities for Commodity-Based Trade (CBT) of Beef from Ngamiland, Botswana: Towards Harmonization of the Livestock and Wildlife Sectors. Technical Report to Cornell University’s AHEAD Program. 29 pp. Downloadable PDF.

Cassidy, D, Thomson, G and Barnes, J (2013) Establishing Priorities through Use of Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis for a Commodity Based Trade Approach to Beef Exports from the East Caprivi Region of Namibia. Technical Report to the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) / Southern Africa Sanitary and Phytosanitary Support (SPS) Program for Regional Trade in Southern Africa. 109pp Downloadable PDF.

Cumming, D H M (2008) Large Scale Conservation Planning and Priorities for the Kavango-Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area. Technical Report to Conservation International. 124pp. Downloadable PDF courtesy of Conservation International (CI).

Cumming, D H M (2011) Constraints to Conservation and Development Success at the Wildlife-Livestock-Human Interface in Southern African Transfrontier Conservation Areas: A Preliminary Review. Technical Report to the Wildlife Conservation Society's AHEAD Program. 37 pp. Downloadable PDF.

Cumming, D H M (2016) The Buffalo-Cattle Interface in Zimbabwe: A Preliminary Review. Technical Report to the AHEAD Program. 12 pp. Downloadable PDF.

Gureja, N, Atkinson, S, Moorad, J and Flyman, M (eds) (2014) Proceedings of the Botswana Wildlife Research Symposium; Bridging the Gap between Conservation Science and Management, 4-6 February 2014, Maun, Botswana. Prepared for the Botswana Department of Wildlife and National Parks. 73pp. Downloadable PDF.

Penrith, M-L and Thomson, G (2012) Analysis of the Status of Transboundary Animal Diseases and Their Control in the SADC Region During the Period 2005-2011, Focusing on the Five Countries that Contribute Land to the Kavango Zambezi (KAZA) Transfrontier Conservation Area (TFCA). Technical Report to the Wildlife Conservation Society’s AHEAD Program. 72 pp. Downloadable PDF.

SADC, AHEAD (2021) Guidelines on Commodity-Based Trade Approaches for Managing Foot and Mouth Disease Risk in Beef in the SADC Region. 4th Edition. Southern African Development Community, Animal & Human Health for the Environment And Development, Gaborone, Botswana & New York, USA. 16pp. Downloadable PDF.

SADC, AHEAD (2021) Lignes directrices sur les approches du commerce fondées sur les produits de base pour la gestion du risque de fièvre aphteuse dans le secteur bovin dans la région de la SADC. 4e édition. Communauté de développement de l'Afrique australe, Santé animale et santé humaine pour l'environnement et le développement, Gaborone, Botswana & New York, USA. 18pp. Downloadable PDF.

SADC, AHEAD (2021) Orientações sobre Métodos de Comércio Assente em Produtos de Base para o Controlo do Risco de Febre Aftosa em Carne Bovina na Região da SADC. 4. Comunidade de Desenvolvimento da África Austral, Saúde Animal e Humana para o Ambiente e o Desenvolvimento. Gaborone, Botswana & New York, USA. 18pp. Downloadable PDF.

SATOTO Livestock Projects, Meat Board of Namibia and TAD Scientific (2014) Development of Export Opportunities for Beef Products from the Zambezi Region. Technical Report to the Millennium Challenge Account Namibia. 23pp. Downloadable PDF.

Thomson, G and Penrith, M-L (2011) Animal Health Policy, Legislation and Trade in Beef in the Five Participating States of the Kavango Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area (KAZA TFCA). Technical Report to the Wildlife Conservation Society’s AHEAD Program. 132 pp. Downloadable PDF.

Recommended Videos

"Livestock Commodity Trade: The Way Forward"

Bob Mabego is a Botswana farmer who is trying to export beef to an international market. The video provides an overview of how the Commodity-Based Trade concept can improve the way countries and farmers like Bob can gain market access. The world's demand for meat and milk is increasing. How do we ensure that developing countries and their farmers access markets for these high value livestock products? Why have some regions not done so already? How can changes in international livestock trade policies also complement southern African efforts to promote transfrontier conservation areas and thus connectivity of wildlife habitat? The video has been produced by the DFID, the UK's Department for International Development, and the African Union's Directorate for Rural Economy and Agriculture. (12 min, 22 sec)

See http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iZg8dAYy0N0.

"Beauty and the Beef: Achieving Compatibility Between Wildlife Conservation and Livestock Production"

African farmers living in areas with wildlife are faced with a serious dilemma: they cannot sell their healthy, free range beef to the lucrative export market. Current international trade practices dictate that they cannot protect the wildlife and, at the same time, farm their cattle in the same general area. If they want to export their beef to wealthy nations, they will have to get rid of all the wild buffalo or put up environmentally damaging veterinary fences. Robin Lyonga lives in the spectacular and largely unspoiled environment of the Kavango-Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area. He and his community are poor. What should he choose when trying to lift himself and his community out of poverty: protecting the wildlife and pursuing opportunities related to ecotourism and trophy hunting, or turning his back on conservation and selling his cattle into the lucrative beef export market? The truth is that there is a win-win solution: Robin Lyonga and his community can earn an income from conservation and sell their beef to the export market. All that is needed to enable this potentially bright future for millions of African cattle farmers is a small change in attitude on the part of wealthy trading nations. (21 min, 48 sec)

See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lLZ-uhy_JeQ.

AHEAD Online Library

AHEAD has selected the free open-source online digital library Zotero (http://www.zotero.org) to house and share key scientific and policy documents and other resources. A library containing materials on policy and legislation related to animal health, disease and conservation in the region, with subsections dedicated to fencing, control of transboundary animal diseases, and climate change, now contains approximately 1,400 relevant scientific reports, legislative documents, polices, occasional papers and reviews.

For an e-invitation to any of the following AHEAD Zotero databases please contact Shirley Atkinson satkinson@wcs.org.

Climate Change – Houses a selection of scientific reports and papers used to conduct a review of climate change observations, impacts and model projections for the KAZA TFCA. The review (included in the library) consolidates findings from studies focused in and around the KAZA TFCA, most of which have been published in the past 7 years.

Conservation & Development Constraints Facing TFCAs – Houses over 130 scientific reports and papers used to prepare a white paper examining constraints to conservation and development success at the wildlife-livestock-human interface in southern African TFCAs. The final report (Cumming, 2011) is also included, and in addition is downloadable as a PDF at http://www.wcs-ahead.org/workinggrps_kaza.html

Fencing – Houses over 400 scientific reports and papers used to conduct a strategic review of the environmental, social and economic impacts of game and veterinary fencing in Africa (with particular reference to the GLTFCA and KAZA TFCA). The final report (Ferguson and Hanks, 2010) is also included and in addition is downloadable as a PDF at the bottom of http://www.wcs-ahead.org/gltfca_grants/grants.html, and consists of ten sections (52 contributing authors) dealing with the impacts of fencing, erected for various purposes, on wildlife, livestock and livelihoods.

TADs Policy & Legislation – Houses over 350 documents assembled to conduct an analysis of the legal and policy frameworks and regulations related to the control of transboundary animal diseases (TADs) within the five member states of the KAZA TFCA. The library includes the final report (also downloadable in PDF at http://www.wcs-ahead.org/workinggrps_kaza.html), legislative documents (laws, regulations, other statutory instruments), policies, and papers related to rural development and land-use, as well as socio-economic impact of both animal diseases and conservation of natural resources. Documents are organized by country, regional or international body. In addition, an index of policy/legislation-related documents and an appendix of mini-abstracts of related documents used in preparing the report are available. Click to view or download a PDF of Animal Health Policy, Legislation and Trade in Beef in the Five Participating States of the Kavango-Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area (KAZA-TFCA), the Index of Policy/Legislation-related documents, or the Mini-Abstracts of Policy/Legislation-related documents.

TADs Status & Control - Houses a selection of reports and papers used to conduct a survey of the status of transboundary animal diseases (TADs) and their control in the SADC region with a particular focus on the five KAZA TFCA member countries. The final report (Penrith & Thomson, 2012) is also included, and in addition is downloadable as a PDF at http://www.wcs-ahead.org/workinggrps_kaza.html.

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