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2020 (No. 2)

AHEAD Update

Dear AHEAD Colleagues:

Welcome to the latest issue of the AHEAD Update. As always, if you would like to post an item in the next Update, please just send it to us – thanks.

In Memoriam

Dr. Onkabetse George Matlho, 1965 - 2020

AHEAD has lost a dear friend in Dr. George Matlho, who died after a sudden illness in Gaborone, Botswana on September 25th, 2020.

George earned a Bachelor of Veterinary Science (BVSc) from Massey University (1991), a Master of Preventive Veterinary Medicine (MPVM) from UC Davis (1995), and a Master of Business Administration (MBA) from the University of Botswana (2002). Having served in Botswana’s public service in the Department of Veterinary Services from 1992 to 1996, he was well aware of the challenges the country faced in terms of production and export of beef from FMD endemic zones and how this was crippling the people of his land. Since 2005, George has led the Botswana Vaccine Institute (BVI) as General Manager.

Speaking at his memorial service, the President of Botswana, His Excellency Dr. Mokgweetsi Masisi, described George as a distinguished man who served the nation with honor, and who “hoisted the nation’s flag high.” Known for his humility, sense of humor, and collaborative spirit, George will be missed as both a colleague and friend by many in our network.

"That Side of the Fence"

In a world where livelihood opportunities can be compromised in an instant (eg- COVID-19’s impact on tourism), and where wildlife can represent both a threat and a lifeline, we wanted to share a thought-provoking reflection on both sides of the fence, courtesy of Goodwill "Goodie the Bad" Tlokwe and The Poetvango Collective. This short video is definitely worth watching:

New Resources

Brennan A, et al. (2020) Characterizing Multispecies Connectivity Across a Transfrontier Conservation Landscape.
Journal of Applied Ecology

Plans for connectivity have largely focused on single species. Using circuit theory and GPS data from six species in the KAZA landscape, this study highlights the importance of evaluating multispecies connectivity when prioritizing areas for conservation.

Perkins JS (2019) ‘Only Connect’: Restoring Resilience in the Kalahari Ecosystem.
Journal of Environmental Management

A review of past management measures in conservation landscapes in Botswana, coupled with future climate scenarios, reinforces the need for ecosystem management for resilience at the landscape level, via wildlife corridors and Payments for Ecosystem Services that uplift rural livelihoods.

UNEP & ILRI (2020) Preventing the Next Pandemic: Zoonotic Diseases and How to Break the Chain of Transmission.
UNEP Frontiers Special Volume

This report identifies seven trends driving the emergence of zoonotic diseases. It also offers a set of practical recommendations, all based on the One Health approach, that can help policymakers minimize the risk of future disease outbreaks.

Life After COVID: The Optimist’s Guide to a Post-Pandemic World.

This podcast interview with AHEAD’s Steve Osofsky focuses on questions our pandemic predicament makes unavoidable, and on the value of using a One Health / Planetary Health lens to inform our answers.

Cracking One Health.

In this podcast interview, Steve provides a personal perspective on One Health work in southern Africa, and on the origins of the One Health movement.

May R, et al. (2019) Servicescape of the Greater Serengeti-Mara Ecosystem: Visualizing the Linkages Between Land Use, Biodiversity and the Delivery of Wildlife-Related Ecosystem Services.
Ecosystem Services

The authors assess the ecosystem service trade-offs between nature-based tourism, legal trophy hunting, illegal bushmeat hunting and livestock depredation, as well as between biodiversity and human welfare in the Greater Serengeti-Mara Ecosystem.

Sun J, et al. (2020) Reconsidering the Efficiency of Grazing Exclusion Fences on the Tibetan Plateau.
Science Bulletin

Through comprehensive assessment, the authors examine the effects of grazing exclusion fencing on ecosystem processes, livestock carrying capacity, wildlife habitat and herders’ livelihoods in the Tibetan Plateau.

Weise FJ, et al. (2019) Seasonal Selection of Key Resources by Cattle in a Mixed Savannah-Wetland Ecosystem Increases the Potential for Conflict with Lions.
Biological Conservation

Using GPS devices to track cattle and lion locations in the northern Okavango Delta, this research suggests reducing depredation by lions will best be achieved using a combination of resource- and predation-cognizant seasonal herding strategies, combined with penning at night.

Kissui BM, et al. (2019) Patterns of Livestock Depredation and Cost‐Effectiveness of Fortified Livestock Enclosures in Northern Tanzania.
Ecology and Evolution

This analysis provides further evidence that livestock enclosure fortification is a cost‐effective strategy to promote coexistence of carnivores and people.

Hlokwe TM, et al. (2019) First Detection of Mycobacterium bovis Infection in Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) in the Greater Kruger National Park Complex: Role and Implications.
Transboundary and Emerging Diseases

The identification of M. bovis in free-ranging giraffe in South Africa highlights the ongoing spread of bovine TB between species and the need for regular wildlife disease surveillance for the timely identification of new pathogens or strains in landscapes of high conservation value.

Roos E (2019) Why Warthogs Are Useful in Figuring Out How Bovine TB Spreads.
The Conversation

The author discusses recent research on BTB and African wildlife, and suggests warthogs might serve as useful disease sentinels.

Upcoming Meetings

International Conference on Human-Wildlife Conflict and Coexistence Postponed to early/mid 2021, Oxford, UK

Co-hosted by the IUCN Species Survival Commission Human-Wildlife Conflict Task Force, the Global Environment Facility-funded and World Bank-led Global Wildlife Program, and the Wildlife Conservation Research Unit at Oxford University, this conference will bring together governments, NGOs, intergovernmental organizations, academics, the business sector, and indigenous and local communities to discuss and debate insights and solutions for human-wildlife conflict management.

6th World One Health Congress Virtual edition 30 Oct-3 Nov 2020

Co-organized by the One Health Platform, the University of Edinburgh, Africa CDC, and the Southern African Centre for Infectious Disease Surveillance, this year’s Congress will go virtual. More than 250 lectures will be released online at set times, with programming centered around One Health, Antimicrobial Agents & Resistance, the Science Policy Interface, and COVID 19; with additional Special Partner Sessions and Keynote Lectures.

Training & Funding Opportunities

BIOPAMA – Rapid Response Grants 2020

These Rapid Response Grants are focused on increasing the resilience of protected areas and local communities facing the risks and difficulties of the global COVID-19 pandemic in African, Caribbean and Pacific countries. Applications are open to eligible organizations on a rolling basis until 31 December 2020. Applications will be processed as they are received, with a decision made within 6 weeks of receipt of a proposal.

Again, if you have items for the next AHEAD Update, please just let us know – thanks.

Yours in conservation and development,

Steve & Shirley

Steve Osofsky, DVM
Cornell University, College of Veterinary Medicine
Jay Hyman Professor of Wildlife Health & Health Policy
AHEAD Program Coordinator

Shirley Atkinson, MSc
Cornell University, College of Veterinary Medicine
Assistant Director, Wildlife Health & Health Policy
AHEAD Regional Coordinator

What is AHEAD?

AHEAD works to create enabling environments that allow different and often competing sectors to literally come to the same table and find collaborative ways forward to address challenges at the interface of wildlife health, livestock health, and human health and livelihoods. We convene stakeholders and provide technical support and resources for projects locally identified as priorities. AHEAD, one of the first applied One Health programs, recognizes the need to look at health, disease, and the environment together, while always taking a given region's socioeconomic, political, and policy context into account.

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Beauty and the Beef
AHEAD book
Osofsky, S.A., Cleaveland, S., Karesh, W.B., Kock, M.D., Nyhus, P.J., Starr, L., and A. Yang, (eds.). 2005. Conservation and Development Interventions at the Wildlife/Livestock Interface: Implications for Wildlife, Livestock and Human Health. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. xxxiii and 220 pp.

Downloadable PDFs of whole book/each section available by visiting the AHEAD Launch Proceedings page. Hard copies can be ordered by e-mailing books@iucn.org
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What is AHEAD?

Animal & Human Health for the Environment And Development was launched at the 2003 IUCN World Parks Congress in Durban, South Africa. By assembling a ‘dream team’ of veterinarians, ecologists, biologists, social and economic scientists, agriculturists, wildlife managers, public health specialists and others from across East and southern Africa, we were fortunate to have tapped into some of the most innovative conservation and development thinking on the African continent- and AHEAD was born. Since then, a range of programs addressing conservation, health, and concomitant development challenges have been launched with the support of a growing list of implementing partners and donors who see the intrinsic value of the One World, One Health approach.

AHEAD is a convening, facilitative mechanism, working to create enabling environments that allow different and often competing sectors to literally come to the same table and find collaborative ways forward to address challenges at the interface of wildlife health, livestock health, and human health and livelihoods. We convene stakeholders, help delineate conceptual frameworks to underpin planning, management and research, and provide technical support and resources for projects stakeholders identify as priorities. AHEAD recognizes the need to look at health and disease not in isolation but within a given region's socioeconomic and environmental context.

In short, AHEAD recognizes the importance of animal and human health to both conservation and development interests. Around the world, domestic and wild animals are coming into ever-more-intimate contact, and without adequate scientific knowledge and planning, the consequences can be detrimental on one or both sides of the proverbial fence. But armed with the tools that the health sciences provide, conservation and development objectives have a much greater chance of being realized – particularly at the critical wildlife/livestock interface, where conservation and agricultural interests meet head-on. AHEAD efforts focus on several themes of critical importance to the future of animal agriculture, human health, and wildlife health (including zoonoses, competition over grazing and water resources, disease mitigation, local and global food security, and other potential sources of conflict related to land-use decision-making in the face of resource limitations). Historically, neither governments, nongovernmental organizations, the aid community, nor academia have holistically addressed the landscape-level nexus represented by the triangle of wildlife health, domestic animal health, and human health and livelihoods as underpinned by environmental stewardship.


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