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2021 (No. 3)

AHEAD Update

Dear AHEAD Colleagues:

Welcome to the latest issue of the AHEAD Update. As always, if you would like to post an item in the next Update, please just send it to us – thanks.

In Memoriam

Mr. Sedia Cyril Modise, 1950 – 2021

The AHEAD team joins conservationists across the region to mourn the loss of a respected colleague and dear friend, Sedia Modise, who passed away on 29 August 2021. Referred to as a giant of conservation and a champion of TFCAs, Sedia was defined by his passion for his work, patience for process, and commitment to multi-stakeholder engagement and partnerships. Many years ago, Sedia helped set the stage for AHEAD’s engagement with the KAZA TFCA, and we remain eternally grateful. His guidance and wisdom also played a critical role in the establishment of KAZA’s Animal Health Sub Working Group. He was a man defined by his integrity, innovation, drive and compassion. No stranger to the cross-sectoral challenges that fences represent given his earlier years in Botswana’s Department of Wildlife and National Parks, Sedia lent a strong voice to the importance of landscape level connectivity and the need to bring normally opposing sectors around one table to work towards a common end. We, all of us working in the TFCA space, owe him a debt of gratitude and we echo the sentiments of our colleagues in that we hope our work will continue the legacy established by pioneers like Sedia. For more on Sedia’s remarkable history, see https://tfcaportal.org/meet-kaza-tfca-champion-sedia-modise.

KAZA Ten Years On: World’s Largest Terrestrial Transfrontier Conservation Area Requires True Habitat Connectivity

We felt it was important to publish this short note, Piecing Together an African Peace Park, in Science for the 10th anniversary of the KAZA Transfrontier Conservation Area treaty signing. Despite the unfortunate appearance of Type O FMD in Namibia's Zambezi Region as recently reported, the importance of cultivating a more resilient systems approach is only underscored. The parallels between how we learn to manage COVID and the challenges encountered as we work to sustainably address FMD-associated risks are significant, and we can hopefully learn from experience and adapt to pathogens that will quite likely always be with us in one form or another. We hope this heartfelt Letter proves helpful over time, Steve

New Resources

Epstein K, et al. (2021) The Emotional Dimensions of Animal Disease Management: A Political Ecology Perspective for a Time of Heightened Biosecurity.
Frontiers in Human Dynamics

This review draws attention to the previously overlooked emotional aspects of animal disease management by examining three cases of biosecurity at the wildlife/livestock interface (African swine fever in wild boar/domestic pigs, brucellosis in elk/cattle, and pneumonia in bighorn/domestic sheep).

Botswana: P26 Million Donated for Community Development.
The Voice

A recently launched Botswana-FAO-AFD project provides support for human-wildlife conflict mitigation, herding, grazing management, and other activities in northern Botswana. The project will be implemented by Wild Entrust Africa in partnership with the Habu Elephant Development Trust – and complements a CBT pilot project already underway.

Heermans B, et al. (2021) Husbandry and Herding: A Community-Based Approach to Addressing Illegal Wildlife Trade in Northern Botswana.
Frontiers in Conservation Science

Communities in Botswana’s portion of KAZA are economically challenged by international beef trade policy barriers, restricted access to grazing, and high conflict costs from living close to wildlife – some of the key factors identified as drivers of bushmeat hunting in the region. A Herding for Health model could help address these drivers.

Connolly E, et al. (2021) Coexistence in an African Pastoral Landscape: Evidence that Livestock and Wildlife Temporally Partition Water Resources.
African Journal of Ecology

Using camera traps, this research suggests the practice of corralling livestock overnight to protect them from predation allows wildlife to access shared watering points at alternative times and permits wildlife-livestock coexistence.

Foglia EA, et al. (2021) Combining Multiple Assays Improves Detection and Serotyping of Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus. A Practical Example with Field Samples from East Africa.

Multiple serotypes and topotypes of foot and mouth disease virus can circulate in endemic areas, posing considerable impacts locally. In this study, the authors describe the performance of a range of diagnostic and typing tools for samples collected in northern Tanzania.

Munsey A, et al. (2021) Phylogeographic Analysis of Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus Serotype O Dispersal and Associated Drivers in East Africa.
Molecular Ecology

Analysis of genetic sequences and spatiotemporal data from East Africa suggest FMDV serotype O tends to remain circulating in areas of high cattle density, high human population density, and near livestock markets – highlighting the influence of anthropogenic factors on FMDV serotype O spread in the region.

Pozo RA, et al. (2021) Reconciling Livestock Production and Wild Herbivore Conservation: Challenges and Opportunities.
Trends in Ecology and Evolution

A team of collaborators identifies four key socio-ecological challenges underlying conflicts between livestock production and wild herbivore conservation, and suggests holistic approaches to promoting coexistence.

Upcoming Meetings

7th World One Health Congress (WOHC)
Date change 7-11 Nov 2022

Considering ongoing uncertainty surrounding COVID-19, the 7th WOHC will now take place in 2022 in Singapore. The Congress will be a hybrid event catering to in-person and online attendees alike, with programming centered around the theme "Integrating Science, Policy and Clinical Practice: A One Health Imperative Post-COVID-19."

Again, if you have items for the next AHEAD Update, please just let us know – thanks.

Yours in conservation and development,

Steve & Shirley

Steve Osofsky, DVM
Cornell University, College of Veterinary Medicine
Jay Hyman Professor of Wildlife Health & Health Policy
AHEAD Program Coordinator

Shirley Atkinson, MSc
Cornell University, College of Veterinary Medicine
Assistant Director, Wildlife Health & Health Policy
AHEAD Regional Coordinator

What is AHEAD?

AHEAD works to create enabling environments that allow different and often competing sectors to literally come to the same table and find collaborative ways forward to address challenges at the interface of wildlife health, livestock health, and human health and livelihoods. We convene stakeholders and provide technical support and resources for projects locally identified as priorities. AHEAD, one of the first applied One Health programs, recognizes the need to look at health, disease, and the environment together, while always taking a given region's socioeconomic, political, and policy context into account.

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Beauty and the Beef
AHEAD book
Osofsky, S.A., Cleaveland, S., Karesh, W.B., Kock, M.D., Nyhus, P.J., Starr, L., and A. Yang, (eds.). 2005. Conservation and Development Interventions at the Wildlife/Livestock Interface: Implications for Wildlife, Livestock and Human Health. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. xxxiii and 220 pp.

Downloadable PDFs of whole book/each section available by visiting the AHEAD Launch Proceedings page. Hard copies can be ordered by e-mailing books@iucn.org
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What is AHEAD?

Animal & Human Health for the Environment And Development was launched at the 2003 IUCN World Parks Congress in Durban, South Africa. By assembling a ‘dream team’ of veterinarians, ecologists, biologists, social and economic scientists, agriculturists, wildlife managers, public health specialists and others from across East and southern Africa, we were fortunate to have tapped into some of the most innovative conservation and development thinking on the African continent- and AHEAD was born. Since then, a range of programs addressing conservation, health, and concomitant development challenges have been launched with the support of a growing list of implementing partners and donors who see the intrinsic value of the One World, One Health approach.

AHEAD is a convening, facilitative mechanism, working to create enabling environments that allow different and often competing sectors to literally come to the same table and find collaborative ways forward to address challenges at the interface of wildlife health, livestock health, and human health and livelihoods. We convene stakeholders, help delineate conceptual frameworks to underpin planning, management and research, and provide technical support and resources for projects stakeholders identify as priorities. AHEAD recognizes the need to look at health and disease not in isolation but within a given region's socioeconomic and environmental context.

In short, AHEAD recognizes the importance of animal and human health to both conservation and development interests. Around the world, domestic and wild animals are coming into ever-more-intimate contact, and without adequate scientific knowledge and planning, the consequences can be detrimental on one or both sides of the proverbial fence. But armed with the tools that the health sciences provide, conservation and development objectives have a much greater chance of being realized – particularly at the critical wildlife/livestock interface, where conservation and agricultural interests meet head-on. AHEAD efforts focus on several themes of critical importance to the future of animal agriculture, human health, and wildlife health (including zoonoses, competition over grazing and water resources, disease mitigation, local and global food security, and other potential sources of conflict related to land-use decision-making in the face of resource limitations). Historically, neither governments, nongovernmental organizations, the aid community, nor academia have holistically addressed the landscape-level nexus represented by the triangle of wildlife health, domestic animal health, and human health and livelihoods as underpinned by environmental stewardship.


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